What is Artificial General Intelligence (AGI)?
Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) doesn’t exist yet. Instead, it is something that is commonly found in movies and television shows, where robots and machines live side-by-side with humans, learning, working, and acting as humans do. In theory, any robot, machine, or computer program with AGI would be able to carry out any task that a human could, with additional benefits, like an instant, accurate memory and the ability to compute complex mathematical computations.
Scientists, programmers, and researchers are currently working towards developing AGI, which is sometimes referred to as “synthetic intelligence”. There is currently no clear, universally accepted definition of AGI. Instead, different researchers and programmers are independently working towards different AGI-related goals.
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AGI and other forms of artificial intelligence
There are many types of artificial intelligence, with each kind acting as a stepping stone to accomplish Artificial General Intelligence. Eventually, AGI will be able to complete every artificial intelligence task that has been created or programmed up until that point.
Currently, the field of AI has focused on creating robots, machines, and programs that are able to complete specific practical tasks. Some are only used for automatic responses to limited inputs, while many of the present-day AI systems use robotic process automation (RPA) and artificial narrow intelligence (ANI). Programs today can manage large volumes of data and, with limited memory, evaluate that data to come to a conclusion. This is the kind of technology that chatbots, virtual assistants, and businesses, like social media platforms, are currently utilizing.
How Artificial General Intelligence could change the world
Artificial General Intelligence would be able to carry out any human task, which will greatly impact the way humanity functions. At first, humans may work alongside AI, but as the intelligence of the robots increases, AGI programs would surpass the proficiency of humans and likely become much more cost-effective, making human labor obsolete.
Artificial General Intelligence might be able to tackle huge problems, like climate change, and it could preserve human life by eliminating medical errors during surgery, for example. Eventually, AGI programs would also be able to contribute to society creatively by painting, acting, and decorating. It will force humanity to consider the philosophical ramifications of Artificial General Intelligence, like whether or not robots deserve the same rights and protections as humans.
The ultimate outcome of AGI would be Artificial Superintelligence (ASI). It would be considered the smartest form of intelligence on earth with greater memory, faster data processing and analysis, and decision-making capabilities than any other being, human or robot, on earth.
Safeguards to protect humanity
Because artificial intelligence would have the ability to replace human labor and creativity, it will be important for societies to put safeguards in place to protect humanity before AGI is widespread.
Universal basic income is a concept that is gaining traction as a way to keep families out of poverty. However, it’s also a way for humanity to live on when it is no longer possible for most people to earn money through work. With Artificial General Intelligence extreme surveillance and control of populations could come into place, concentrating power into the hands of the people who surveil. For this reason, it is important to maintain democratic principles in which the people are the ones with the authority.