When webpage operators hear the term “Penguin” they do not associate it with the cute, black-tailed creatures of the Antarctic. They link it to a Google update that has driven one or two webmasters to desperation by making their perfectly search engine optimized webpage suddenly disappear from the Google ranking. The webmasters had to put a lot of effort into winning back the former rank. But what exactly does Penguin do? And which changes does the version Penguin 4.0 bring? What we can reveal is that Penguin 4.0 will make it simpler to undo penalties by Google.
What is Penguin?
Penguin is the name of an update that combines various changes of the Google ranking algorithms. Penguin’s goal is to suppress so-called web spam in the search results. “Web spam” is a term used to describe webpages that use unauthorized methods to achieve a better ranking in Google. Webpages with a better ranking are supposed to provide the searcher with enhanced value. This is not the case with web spam. These pages are written for search engines and their goal is to produce a large number of clicks.
The first Penguin update was released in 2012. Its effect was immediately perceptible. Many top ranking pages suddenly disappeared from the ranking. In English speaking countries, 3.1 percent of all search queries were affected. In Germany three percent of the search queries were impacted, and in Poland as many as five percent.
Good search engine optimization is essential for successful Internet portals and online shops. The thorough and skillful placement of SEO meta tags belongs to the technical know-how with which favorable ranking results can be achieved.
Unique content and an attractive layout carry a lot of weight if you want to steer user interest and search engines towards an Internet site. However to be successful in search engine rankings, it is also necessary to heed a few technical rules. Besides varied linking, descriptive URLs and appropriate keywords, so-called meta tags play a paramount roll in search engine optimization (SEO). SEO meta tags constitute the non-visible elements in the online presentation, which deliver valuable information about the website to search engines and search robots (web crawlers). This metadata is deposited as structured code in the “head” area of the HTML source text and follows the structure: <meta name=”name of meta tags” content=”value of meta tags”>.
Actually it’s just a couple of words, but they can certainly be a defining factor: it’s all about the heading of a text. Besides the colorful images, it’s the first thing to catch the eye and often determines whether the user reads the text or not. And yet it should be distinguished here between texts in a daily newspaper, for example, and articles on the internet. A person who buys a newspaper will most probably also read the sports and culture sections, even when local news and politics are more his sphere of interest. It will be read because it was paid for. On the internet texts are available at no charge and in great abundance, so the user may have a hard time deciding what to read. Based on experience, an internet article is only given a rough scan by the reader where he notices the headlines first, and based on those decides if he will read on or not.
Photos, graphics and videos make up an integral component of today’s successful websites. Whether a company’s internet presence, an online store, or a portal for a gallery, museum or travel agency, the use of images and videos on websites effectively support the provided content and significantly enhance these websites for both users and search engines.
Utilizing media on internet portals is a trend that can be observed all over the web. Companies want to improve their image on their website with photos and videos, and make their brand more well-known, online shops want to market their products, and organizations want to disseminate important information. But galleries, museums and archives also want to make their photos, images of objects or videos available to the largest number of visitors possible. Photos and videos arouse curiosity in the viewer, and create an incentive to engage more closely with the products or services.
Corporate identity, crossmedia and workflow, resilience and synergy – the language of the modern world teems with Anglicisms, buzzwords and special terms whose meaning is not immediately clear to everyone. Online lexica and online glossaries can provide relief where internet surfers or media users are in danger of getting lost in the jungle of foreign words and digital tech jargon.
Online lexica and glossaries simply and concisely explain a subject’s complicated terms and in this way make the issue being discussed understandable for a wider audience. Online lexica, as a separate electronic database, provide the user systematically organized, general or specialized information that is as comprehensive as possible. On the other hand, online glossaries are attachments (so-called addendums) to a blog or website, that further define the central technical terms used in the article by providing synonyms, translations or explanatory sentences.
Today’s printed or digital glossaries consist of lists of terms and their explanations, usually arranged in alphabetical order. Their origin goes back to antiquity where it was common to use marginal notes (so-called glosses) to facilitate the reading of written works. The most well-known online lexicon, available in various language versions, is offered by the free-licensed encyclopedia Wikipedia, which is compiled by many co-authors.