The concept of “Peer-to-peer review” also known as P2P, is that kindred minds are connected and communicate via a social network. Although it is a type of social contact, the networking generally refers to new technologies. Social networks including Facebook and Twitter encourage quick and simple communication. The advent of social networks has increased the importance of peer reviews. In a peer review, independent experts, generally from the same discipline, assess an object for example a newspaper article. Social networks and other peer-to-peer platforms make this possible on a grand scale.
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In addition to the normal, social interaction between peers, the concept of “Peer-to-Peer” processes is divided into different categories. In general it is about the connection of kindred spirits via a social platform on the Internet. “Peer-To-Peer” can also be viewed as a network in which computers connect and serve as a server for other computers. This involves the use of “Peer-To-Peer File Sharing” in which data and files are shared among peers.
Publishers used peer review methods as early as the 17th century. Newspaper publishers checked newspaper articles sent by authors and then gave them to peers, often anonymous authors. They checked the articles and submitted their vote regarding publication. Use of the peer review method has increased with the establishment of peer-to-peer platforms. Short website texts can also be quickly read, checked and assessed by different peers.